Soil pollution or soil contamination as a main aspect of land debasement is brought on by the nearness of xenobiotic i.e. human-made chemicals or other variation in the regular soil environment. It is ordinarily made by modern action, rural chemicals, or uncalled for transfer of waste. The important chemicals involved are petroleum hydrocarbons, polynuclear fragrant hydrocarbons, solvents, pesticides, overwhelming metals like cadmium, chromium and lead, some inorganic acids and radioactive substances like radionuclides. Contamination is corresponded with the equal of industrialization and force of substance use. The concern over soil pollution stems essentially from health dangers, from direct connection with the debased soil, vapors from the contaminants, and from optional sullying of water supplies inside and hidden the dirt. Mapping of sullied soil locales and the subsequent cleanup are tedious and costly errands, requiring broad measures of topography, hydrology and science, PC displaying aptitudes, and GIS in Environmental Contamination, and furthermore a valuation for the historical backdrop of modern science.